V.O.Chidambaranar Port, formerly Tuticorin Port, is one of the 12 major ports in India. It was declared to be a major port on 11 July 1974. It is second-largest port in Tamil Nadu and fourth-largest container terminal in India.After Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project V.O.C Port will be India’s premier port and one of the major ports of Asia equal to Port of Singapore. V.O.Chidambaram Port is an artificial port. This is the third international port in Tamil Nadu and its second all-weather port. All V.O.Chidambaram Port’s traffic handling has crossed 10 million tons from 1 April to 13 September 2008, registering a growth rate of 12.08 per cent, surpassing the corresponding previous year handling of 8.96 million tons. It has services to USA, China, Europe, Sri Lanka and Mediterranean countries.The Station Commander, Coast Guard Station Tuticorin is located at Tuticorin Port,Tamil Nadu under the operational and administrative control of the Commander, Coast Guard Region (East), Chennai.The Coast Guard Station Tuticorin Port was commissioned on 25 Apr 1991 by Vice Admiral SW Lakhar, NM, VSM the then Director General Coast Guard. The Station Commander is responsible for Coast Guard operations in this area of jurisdiction in Gulf of Mannar. VOC Port Tuticorin is an ISO 9001:2008,ISO 14001:2004 and ISPS compliant Port.
Tuticorin has been a centre for maritime trade and pearl fishery for more than a century. The natural harbour with a rich hinterland, activated the development of the Port, initially with wooden piers and iron screw pile pier and connections to the railways. Tuticorin was declared as a minor anchorage port in 1868. Since then there have been various developments over the years.
To cope with the increasing trade through Tuticorin, the Government of India sanctioned the construction of an all-weather port at Tuticorin, which brings the second largest revenue to India. On 11 July 1974, the newly constructed Tuticorin Port was declared as the 10th major port. On 1 April 1979, the erstwhile Tuticorin minor Port and the newly constructed Tuticorin major port were merged and the Tuticorin Port Trust was constituted under the Major Port Trusts Act of 1963.
V.O.C Port Tutiorin is located strategically close to the Ease-West International sea route on South-Eastern coast of India.Located in Gulf of Mannar,with Sri Lanka on South East and large Indian Landmass on the West,the Port is well sheltered from storms and cyclone winds.The port is operational round the clock all through the year.
V.O.C Port is an artificial deep sea harbour formed with rubble mound type parallel breakwaters projecting into sea upto 4 Kms.The Length of North Breakwater is 4098.66 m,length of South Breakwater is 3873.37 m and the distance between breakwaters is 1275 m.The port was designed and executed entirely through indigenous efforts. The harbour basin extends to about 400 hectares of protected water area and is served by an approach channel of 2400 metres length and 183 metres width.
The inner harbour consist of 14 berths including 2 Container and 3 Coal and Oil jetty’s.The port handles both containers and cruise ships.The container terminal is currently managed by PSA Sical.The container terminal has 3 quay cranes with 44 m reach and four RTG cranes for stacking the containers.The port also has vast area for storage facilies.It has 5,53,00 Sq m of storage area in its premises.The port also has a passenger terminal for cruise ships.Due to its strategic location in the southern peninsula and assured round-the-clock operations, the port has been the nerve centre of economic activity in south Tamil Nadu. The port currently handles seven per cent of the total container traffic in India and is an important reason for investment in the southern districts of Tamil Nadu. The two container berths in the port are of dimension 370 m length and 12.80 m draught. This limits the port in competing against Colombo port, which has 15 m depth. The Tuticorin Port Trust is investing $1 billion for expansion. This was planned in two phases; the first deepened the harbour from a depth of 10.9 m to the current depth of 12.8 m and the second will increase it to 14.5 m. In addition to expansion of the outer harbour, proposed upgrades include construction of breakwaters and lengthening the approach channel. The port has been upgraded to handle vessels longer than 245 m. The advantages of deploying bigger vessels are that the existing restriction on booking can be eliminated and the transshipment at Colombo port can be reduced. The Tuticorin port has the potential to be an international container transshipment hub given its unique geographical location. Activity at the port has grown at a rate of 17 per cent per year over the last five years. A large portion of the operations in the port has been privatised, including handling at the first container terminal by PSA Sical. A second container terminal has been approved for this port and is in operation. Tuticorin port is becoming a gateway for South India to the US, Europe and the Mediterranean following direct sailings to these regions. Of the total exports from the port, 25 per cent were to Europe, 20 per cent to the US, 20 per cent to East Asia including China, 15 per cent to Colombo, 10 per cent to West Asia and the remainder to the Mediterranean.
With this expansion in place, the capacity of the port would double from the existing 20.55 million tonnes to 40.60 million tonnes of cargo. Once dredging is completed, the port will be able to handle fourth-generation container vessels with a capacity of 5,000 twenty equivalent units (TEUs) to 6,000 TEUs. Currently, the port can handle container vessels up to 3,000 TEUs capacity. For capacity augmentation, Tuticorin Port has taken up various infrastructural development projects under the National Maritime Development Programme (NMDP).The Port achieved a record of handling 5 lakh TEU’s in 2012-2013 surpassing the target fixed by Shipping Ministry.
A naval base is to be set up under the ambit of Eastern Naval Command to strengthen the surveillance in the Gulf of Mannar and to safeguard any possible aggression in the region. Tuticorin Port Trust officials expressed their willingness to allot a 24-acre (97,000 m2) plot on the ‘port estate’ area for the establishment of the Naval Base.
The port is also helping increase the tourism in the region. A new ferry has been commenced between Tuticorin and Colombo.
- At present there are 14 berths with capacity of 33.34 million tones per annum (MTPA), all situated within two breakwaters in VOC Port Trust. The Port which began with the mono commodity of coal for the Tuticorin Thermal Power Station has diversified and the cargo profile of the Port comprises of import cargo viz. Thermal Coal, Timber Logs, Petroleum Products, LPG and various other bulk, break bulk and containerized cargoes and export cargoes viz. Granite, Salt, Sugar (Raw) Cement in bags, containerized cargo and construction materials. The Port’s hinterland comprises of southern parts of State of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and also some regions in the State of Karnataka.
- The facility available at the Port has propelled industrial growth in the region and is also emerging as power Hub of South India. In order to augment the increased demand of the EXIM trade, the Port is increasing the capacity to 85 million tonnes per annum by 2015-16 by commissioning new 5 berths under PPP mode and upgrading the existing facilities. During Budget speech in Feb 2013, the Hon’ble Union Finance Minister had also announced the Development of Outer Harbour project in V.O.C.Port for Rs.7500Crores
- As the capacity augmentation in the present harbor has reached the saturation level and to meet the future demands, the Port has proposed to develop an Outer Harbour by extending the present breakwaters. The port has engaged M/s.I –maritime consultancy Pvt Ltd ,NaviMumbai for preparation of DPR ( Detailed Project Report) . The consultant submitted the final DPR in Dec 2013. The total length of breakwater is 9911meters with north Breakwater to be extended by 4512 meters and Southern breakwater by 5399 meters, is also to be constructed .The existing channel has to be widened to 300 meters and a new turning circle has to be constructed of 680 meters dia. The total project cost for phase 1, Phase 2, Phase3 and Phase4 is worked out as INR 23431.92 Core. The Number of berths proposed, type of cargo proposed, and period of execution etc. for the four Phases of Projects and Traffic Fore Cast for the Outer Harbour Project as proposed in DPR as follows.
- Along with the development of Outer Harbour the surrounding region in an around the port will develop which in turn will lead to over all industrial development of the region as a whole. The Phase –I expenditure to be borne by the Port inclusive of interest during construction works out to Rs.7241.89 Crores. The investment in phase-I to be borne by the port is towards construction of breakwater (2464.93 Crores),dredging cost (3221.33 Crores) ,roads cost (30.45 Crores) and Port crafts (293.10 Crores) with a total 7345.81 16086.11 23431.92 328.0 290.50 cost of Rs.6010 Crores excluding interest during construction (IDC) .The phase –I expenditure to be borne by PPP operator works out to Rs.4393.71 Crores including IDC. The main investment by the port has to be incurred in Phase-I only, which include for breakwater, dredging & road. The port has to make one time investment for breakwater, Dredging and road in phase 1 itself. About 98% of total investment by port has to be done in phase –I only and is scheduled from 2019 – 2024. The Project IRR for Phase-1 is14.6 % (without grant) for 30years with project NPV of -2510 crores . The consultant also suggested that, for financial viability of the project, the port has to explore the possibility for financing the project through budgetary support or through international institutions for port’s investment and for berths etc, it will be through Private Public participation (PPP).
The V.O. Chidambaranar Port at Tuticorin is poised for further growth with the allocation of Rs. 11,635 crore for the first phase of the Outer Harbour Project in the Union budget 2014-15.
Port Trust Chairman S. Ananda Chandra Bose said the announcement would help in the development of the region. A detailed project report had already been submitted. The project would facilitate the establishment of power stations in Tuticorin and boost activities on the Tuticorin-Madurai industrial corridor.